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The merchant family Tretyakov traces its history from the county town of Maloyaroslavets of Kaluga governorate. Generations of the Tretyakov’s successfully expanded trade and increased capital. Things were especially good with Mikhail Zakharovich Tretyakov (1801–1850) and it was possible because of his successful marriage to Alexandra Danilovna Borisova (1812–1899). Their first son Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov (the future founder of the famous art gallery) was born in December 1832.
After him, the second son Sergey was born (in 1834) and then five more children.
The youngest of the Tretyakov-brothers Sergey was married twice. In 1856, his wedding took place with Elizabeth Sergeevna Mazurina (1837–1860). A happy marriage did not last long: his wife, having managed to give her husband an heir (son Nikolai, 1857-1896), died in 1860.
In 1868, Sergei Mikhailovich entered into a second marriage with Elena Andreevna Matveeva.
The eldest of the Tretyakov brothers (Pavel) did not marry for a long time. In August 1865 his wedding took place with Vera Nikolaevna Mamontova (1844–1899). It was the beginning of a long happy family life.
Pavel Mikhailovich and Vera Nikolaevna were people subtly feeling nature, art, music. Their children grew up the same. The Tretyakov’s loved to travel (with and without children) in their native country and abroad.
Having provided for his family financially, he believed that money should serve a better purpose than simply wasting for “everyday”-needs: “My basic idea was that money (earned from a very young age) would be returned to the society in any useful institutions; this thought never left me in my whole life. And also, the saved money should be such that would not allow a person to live without labor.”
Pavel Mikhailovich himself worked very hard and didn’t have too much free time. Commercial and industrial matters took up most of the time, and the rest of the time was devoted to the beloved brainchild – the gallery (visiting exhibitions, artists, building work in the gallery, hanging, compiling a catalog, etc.).
There was also charity work. Pavel Mikhailovich did many good things in his life, and of course, he was a member of various societies – art, charity, commercial. According to his will, a lot of money were allocated for the maintenance of the gallery, for various scholarships, etc.
P.M. Tretyakov died in December 1898. After 3 months, his wife Vera Nikolaevna also died.
Part №2 you can read here:
Welcome to the wonderful world of the Siberian Falcon:
The Balkan soul in the heart of Siberia!