Big Stone Bridge

You can read the text in Serbian here:

Велики камени мост


You can read the text in Russian here:

Большой Каменный мост


The Big Stone Bridge (Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge) is one of the bridges across the Moscow River.

Bolshoy Kamenny Bridge (Russian: Большой Каменный мост, Greater Stone Bridge or simply – Big Stone Bridge) is a steel arch bridge spanning Moskva River at the western end of the Moscow Kremlin. Its predecessor was the first permanent stone bridge in Moscow, Russia. The existing bridge was completed in 1938 by engineer Nikolai Kalmykov.

It connects Borovitskaya Square, Mokhovaya and Znamenka Streets near the Kremlin’s Borovitskaya Tower with Bolshaya Polyanka Street on Bolotnaya Ostrov, which crosses the Drain Canal along the Small Stone Bridge. This is the third version of the stone bridge in this location.

Object of cultural heritage of Russia of regional significance.

Objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation – real estate and other objects with historically related territories, paintings, sculptures, arts and crafts, objects of science and technology and other objects of material culture that have arisen as a result of historical events that are of value to points of view of history, archeology, architecture, urban planning, art, science and technology, aesthetics, ethnology or anthropology, social culture and are childhood of eras and civilizations, genuine sources of information about the origin and development of culture.

The All Saints Bridge at the end of the 17th century, drawing by A. Vasnetsov.

The Second Stone Bridge was built in 1859 by colonel Tannenberg on the same site, in line with today’s Lenivka Street.

Scope: automobile, pedestrian. Crosses over: Moscow (river). Started with exploitation: 1938.

The new bridge had three steel arched spans (36+40+36 meters) on stone pillars, similar to still existing Novospassky Bridge and Borodinsky Bridge.

Big stone bridge (circa 1800 year), painting by F. Alekseev.

The main drawback, compared to these later bridges, was that the Stone Bridge left no free passage for the traffic on embankments. Riverside traffic had to cross bridge traffic in the same level. This design error became a problem even before automobiles and this is why the Second Stone bridge was demolished in 1930s, while Novospassky Bridge still stands.

The second version of the stone bridge (built in 1859, demolished in the 1930-s).

The first contest for the Third Stone Bridge was held in 1921; none of the entries were selected. The second contest was won jointly by engineer Nikolai Kalmykov and Schuko-Gelfreikh-Minkus team of architects.

Type of construction: arched. Main span: 105 (m). Location: Moscow, Russia.

Kalmykov’s design was completed in 1935-1938, on a site which is two blocks closer to Kremlin than the previous bridges. The single arched span is 105 meters wide and 8.4 meter high.

Total length: 487 (m). Bridge width: 40 (m).

A total of 6 parallel, boxed steel arches support the 40 meter wide roadway. The arch rests on submerged caisson foundations. Embankment traffic uses two 42.5 meter long side arches. Total length, including approach ramps, is 487 meters. There are 8 lanes for regular traffic and a divider lane.

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